What caused the boston massacre

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What caused the boston massacre

Boston Massacre Boston Massacre Engraving by Paul Revere The Boston Massacre was the culmination of a year and a half of tension and strife between the citizens of Boston and British troops who were stationed there in the fall of to help enforce the Townshend Acts and protect tax and customs employees from harassment.

On the evening of March 5,several days of tension came to a head when British soldiers roved around the town harassing citizens, ending up in a confrontation in front of the Custom House that left five citizens dead and six more wounded when British soldiers opened fire on a crowd of stick wielding, snowball throwing, epithet yelling citizens.

Most Americans have heard of the Boston Massacre, but you may not know the details of the event, especially the fact that gangs of British soldiers were roving around the town looking for trouble that evening. Learn more about the details of the Boston Massacre and the events that led to it below.

The colonies had been relatively calm since the Stamp Act was repealed in March of Prime Minister William Pitt ascended to the highest position in the British government shortly afterwards, but due to frequent illness and absence, Charles Townshend, Chancellor of the Exchequer, became the de facto ruler.

Lord Townshend pursued a much more aggressive stance toward the colonies than Pitt and passed a series of taxes and regulations named for him, known as the Townshend Acts.

They also created a new board of customs commissioners for the colonies, to be headquartered in Boston.

What caused the boston massacre

The duty of this board was to strictly enforce tax collecting and to punish smugglers. The Townshend Acts reduced taxes on the East India Company to import tea into Britain in order to lower the cost when it was exported to the colonies. The Townshend Acts also gave more power to vice-admiralty courts, courts that handled smuggling and tax evasion cases without the use of trials by jury.

This was an offense to the colonists who believed this denied them an important right belonging to all British citizens.

Finally the Townshend Acts shut down the New York Assembly for not complying with the Quartering Act ofwhich required the colonists to pay for and provide housing and supplies for British soldiers stationed there.

If Parliament had the ability to shut down their elected assemblies, the colonists reasoned, they could do anything to them. Learn more about the Townshend Acts here. British soldiers occupy Boston The effect of the Townshend Acts was to spread rioting and protesting all over the colonies.

In Boston, where the opposition was particularly intense, citizens harassed government and customs officials to the point that it was hard for them to do their jobs. Officials requested military assistance and protection from Parliament, which was granted by Wills Hill, the Colonial Secretary, a position created to deal with the growing tensions in the colonies.

On October 1,the 14th and 29th Regiments of the British army arrived, making a showy display when they disembarked from their ships and marched through town. The 64th and 65th Regiments arrived two weeks later.

In all, 4, soldiers were stationed in Boston, a clear signal of how out of control the town was, since the population was only between 15, and 20, people!

They were often placed as sentries and were often seen around town. Townspeople rightly viewed their city as "occupied" by a foreign army and frequently harassed the soldiers, calling them epithets such as "lobsterback" for their red coats, telling them to go back to Britain and accusing them of mistreating people.

The effect of this treatment on the soldiers cannot be overestimated. The soldiers were young, underpaid, lived in horrid conditions many in tents where it was easy to catch diseases, were often mistreated by harsh officers and were far away from home and family.Was the Boston Marathon another false flag with a new 9/11 twist?

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The Boston Massacre, known as the Incident on King Street by the British, was an incident on March 5, , in which British Army soldiers shot and killed five people while under attack by a mob. The incident was heavily publicized by leading Patriots, such as Paul Revere and Samuel Adams, to encourage rebellion against the British authorities.

British troops had been stationed in Boston. Home» Boston Massacre and the Rise to Prominence» Events that led to the Boston Massacre Events that led to the Boston Massacre Since the people of Boston had been heading protests against British taxation, first against the Stamp Act and then in against the Townshend Acts.

The following are some facts about the Boston Massacre: What Was the Boston Massacre? The Boston Massacre was a riot that began when a group of 50 citizens gathered outside of the State house to protest the large presence of British soldiers in the city.

Five colonists were killed during the riot.

The Boston Massacre – History of Massachusetts Blog