The McPharlins were not just historians. They were interested in every aspect of the puppetry that was going on around them. Inspired by their example editors of Puppetry Journal continue the chronicle of American puppetry right up to the present day. Compiled by Steve Abrams Before radio, television, videotape, the internet, interstate highways, and airplanes puppeteers entertained audiences around the country.
Latino feature filmmaking has its roots in political activism of the late s and early s, and in particular the Chicano and Puerto Rican civil-rights movements. In the s many Mexican Americans and other Latinos became involved with civil-rights activism, fighting for equal rights and respect for Latinos in US social institutions, including the mass media.
It was during this period that the term "Chicano" began to be embraced as a label of pride by many Mexican Americans.
The fight for more positive film representations was fought on two main fronts by Chicano, Puerto Rican, and other Latino activists. On another front, some Chicano and Latino activists began producing short films in conjunction with their activism. These films are generally considered the first wave of Chicano, Puerto-Rican, and Cuban-American cinemas.
Some were also among the first Latinos to be able to enter film schools and receive formal training. These films of early Chicano and Latino cinema are notable for their anti-Hollywood and pro-movement ideals of promoting ethnic political consciousness and pride.
Manifestos written by proponents and practitioners of early Chicano cinema, for instance, note its aim to serve as an antidote to how Latinos historically had been represented and employed in film. To this end, the tenets of Chicano cinema included a focus on education and uplift of Chicanos and the aim to serve as a countercinema to Hollywood.
Many early Chicano films in fact were documentaries produced on shoestring budgets that highlighted social issues and celebrated Mexican-American culture and identity.
Delano, California, 26 June Writer-director Luis Valdez has often been described as the father of Chicano theater and cinema; he also is notable for creating bridges between these creative worlds and Hollywood cinema. The son of migrant farm workers in California, Valdez began his creative career as a playwright while a student at San Jose State University in the early s.
When a boycott of California grapes in support of Mexican-American farm workers began inhe returned to his childhood home to participate in the efforts of the United Farm Workers UFW. The theater group served to inform, encourage, and entertain Chicano farm workers with its humorous and socially incisive skits called "actos," often performing on flatbed trucks in the fields.
He also produced the short film I Am Joaquinbased on an epic poem by Rudolfo "Corky" Gonzales, which celebrated Chicano identity and became an anthem of the Chicano movement.
After the Spanish invasion, a secular theatre developed quickly, and it reflected the traditions and the taste of Spain. 19th Century. The early part of the 19th century exhibited a decline in Mexican theatre, due partly to war. Styles reflected Spanish classicism. Later, however, European romanticism arrived. The United States is a country of many cultures which, through immigrants, had an influence on the unique fiber of American life today. Some of these immigrants who had a profound effect, were the Spanish and the Hispanics from Mexico, Cuba, Santo Domingo, and Puerto Rico. 10 Monologues from Latino, Latina, and Hispanic Characters. Written by Meghan Mitchell. December 23, She is eighteen and Mexican-American. She tells her boyfriend why she has to accept an offer to study at Harvard University. Illinois with a B.A. in Musical Theatre. She loves Shakespeare and nightly fireworks, and after working.
Several of Valdez's theatrical projects made their way to film and television over the years. The first was Zoot Suita retelling of the early s "zoot suit riots," during which Mexican Americans suffered injustices at the hands of white American servicemen in Los Angeles.
Drawing from interviews and archival research on the related trial of Henry Leyva and eight other Mexican-American youths in the Sleepy Lagoon murder case, Valdez crafted a play that foregrounded Chicano voices and experience in regional and national theater.
Zoot Suit was the first play by a Mexican American to be produced on Broadway.
Shot in just two weeks on a low budget, the film deftly brings the energy and theatricality of a full-scale musical to the screen. It is seen as a masterpiece of Chicano cinema and has served as an inspiration to a new generation of Latino filmmakers.
La Bamba was one of the first films distributed by a major studio in an effort to reach the Latino audience; both English- and Spanish-language versions were released by Tri-Star Pictures. Both Zoot Suit and La Bamba were instrumental in the growing interest in and openness to Latino filmmakers, actors, and film projects.
The 'Return to the Beginning.
British Film Institute, Reyes, Luis, and Peter Rubie. An Encyclopedia of Film and Television. Arte Publico Press, Despite draconian financial cuts in arts funding in , the Hispanic theatres have had the most terrific of all possible seasons ever!
Aside from the fact that I am proud of my own personal Spanish/Mexican heritage, why do I love the Spanish language theatre so much that I believe Washington D.C. The American Theater describes a series of mostly minor areas of operations during World War II.
This was mainly due to both North and South America's geographical separation from the central theaters of conflict in Europe and the Pacific. Poems, Proverbs, and Plays: Hispanic Heritage There are so many ways to use language to celebrate culture — a familiar saying, a vivid poem, a dramatic presentation.
These collections offer children many avenues to think and talk about Latino and Latin American cultural traditions and experiences in . Buenaventura is one of the GREAT Latin American theatre makers and thinkers and teachers, and The Orgy, is his master piece.
On the thirtieth day of every month, it’s orgy day at a libidinous old woman’s house. MEXICAN-AMERICAN THEATER. Spanish-language entertainment, amateur and professional, flourished in many forms in Texas before A lively amateur theater dates from the seventeenth century.
The Franciscans in Mexico sought to educate the Indians through religious dramas. Spanish colonists throughout the Southwest continued the practice. For example, when the Mexican-American “awakens” in Spanish, the use of capitalization and exclamation points for an entire paragraph conveys his message clearly without the necessity of translating.
18 And finally, English vocabulary words which might require defining throughout the play are: acculturate, administration, ambitious, curio, .