Consumer surplus

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Consumer surplus

A producer surplus combined with a consumer surplus equals overall economic surplus or the benefit provided by producers and consumers interacting in a free market as opposed to one with price controls or quotas. If a producer could price discriminate correctly, or rather charge every consumer the maximum price the consumer is willing to pay, then the producer could capture the entire economic surplus.

In other words, producer surplus would equal overall economic surplus.

Consumer surplus

It is not static and may increase or decrease as the market price increases or decreases. Impact on Producer Surplus Producers would not sell products if they could not get at least the marginal cost to produce those products. The supply curve as depicted in the graph above represents the marginal cost curve for the producer.

As such, the producer surplus is the difference between the price received for a product and the marginal cost to produce it.

What is 'Consumer Surplus'

From an economics standpoint, marginal cost includes opportunity cost. In essence, an opportunity cost is a cost of not doing something different such as producing a separate item. The existence of producer surplus does not mean there is an absence of a consumer surplus.

The idea behind a free market that sets a price for a good is that both consumers and producers can benefit, with consumer surplus and producer surplus generating greater overall economic welfare.

Market prices can change materially due to consumers, producers, a combination of the two or other outside forces. As a result, profits and producer surplus may change materially due to market prices.To get total consumer surplus we add these values up, so $15+$11+$5+$3=$ The total consumer surplus in this economy is $ This is a good intuitive example of calculating consumer surplus discretely, but in reality most graphs won’t look like this.


A producer surplus is the contrast between the amount of a good the producer is willing to provide versus how much he actually receives in the transaction. Consumer surplus and economic welfare. Consumer surplus is a measure of the welfare that people gain from consuming goods and services; Consumer surplus is defined as the difference between the total amount that consumers are willing and able to pay for a good or service (indicated by the demand curve) and the total amount that they actually do pay (i.e.

the market price). Consumer surplus is an economic calculation to measure the benefit (i.e.

What is a 'Producer Surplus'

surplus) of what consumers are willing to pay for a good or service versus its market price. The consumer surplus formula is based on an economic theory of marginal utility.

The theory explains that . Consumer surplus, also called social surplus and consumer’s surplus, in economics, the difference between the price a consumer pays for an item and the price he would be willing to pay rather than do without it. As first developed by Jules Dupuit, French civil engineer and economist, in and.

Consumer surplus is an economic measure of consumer satisfaction, which occurs when the consumer is willing to pay more for a given product than the current market price.

Consumer surplus introduction (video) | Khan Academy