It poses the question whether conflict transformation has truly brought new theoretical notions and application for practice to peace and conflict studies, or whether it is in essence simply a reformulation of the term conflict resolution. The author concludes that while these terms are used relatively interchangeably in terms of their meaning and application, there does seem to be a shift towards the term conflict transformation. However, it is also argued that the term conflict transformation still needs to be defined in more distinctive ways in order to illustrate how it either should replace the term conflict resolution or exist alongside it.
At first, digital media allowed pro- democracy movements to use the internet against authoritarian regimes; however, these regimes eventually worked social media into their own counter-insurgency strategies. Digital media helped to turn individualized, localized, and community-specific dissent into structured movements with a collective consciousness about both shared grievances and opportunities for action.
Egyptian Revolution of On January 25 ofmass protests began in Cairo, Egyptprotesting the long reign of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarakthe high unemployment rate, government corruption, povertyand oppression within society.
This day revolution did not begin with guns, violence, or protests, but rather with the creation of a single Facebook page which quickly gained the attention of thousands, and soon millions, of Egyptians, spreading into a global phenomenon. In order to have a democratic, free nation, all information that can be shared, should be shared.
Protestors communicated, organized, and collaborated through the use of this technology with real time, real impacts. Even when the regime eliminated all access to the Internet in a failed attempt to halt further political online forums, Google and Twitter teamed up, making a system that would get information out to the public without having access to the internet.
The revolution in Egypt has been understood by some as an example of a broader trend of transforming from a system based on group control to one of "networked individualism". These networked societies are constructed post -"triple revolution" of technology, which involves a three-step process.
Step one in the "triple revolution" is "the turn to social networks", step two: Such technologies provide an alternative sphere that is unregulated by the government, and where construction of ideas and protests can foster without regulation.
For example, In Egypt, the "April 6 Youth Movement" established their political group on Facebook where they called for a national strike to occur on April 6.
This event was ultimately suppressed, however; the Facebook group remained, spurring the growth of other activist parties to take an online media route. The Internet in Egypt was used also to form connections with networks of people outside of their own country.
The connections provided through Internet media sources, such as Twitter allowed rapid spread of the revolt to be known around the world. Specifically, more than 3 million tweets contained six popular hashtags alluring to the revolt, for example, Egypt and sidibouzid; further enabling the spread of knowledge and change in Egypt.
On March 21,a group of 33 Senators introduced a resolution condemning "the crimes against humanity" committed by Joseph Kony and the LRA.
The resolution supports the continued efforts by the US government to "strengthen the capabilities of regional military forces deployed to protect civilians and pursue commanders of the LRA, and calls for cross-border efforts to increase civilian protection and provide assistance to populations affected by the LRA.
This YouTube sensation is gonna help the Congress be more aggressive and will do more to lead to his demise than all other action combined".
During that time it sought to mobilize the masses in support of their demands for a less corrupt society in India. Long March Pakistan [ edit ] Main article: Thousands of people pledged to sit-in until their demands were met. Our lawmakers are the lawbreakers.
Requirements[ edit ] E-Democracy is made possible through its role in relevancy of participation, the social construction of inclusiveness, sensitivity to the individual, and flexibility in participation.
A structure of social inclusion is also provided through a wide variety of Internet sites, groups, and social networks, all representing different viewpoints and ideas.
Finally, the Internet is an extremely flexible area of participation; it is low in cost and widely available to the public. Through these four directions, E-Democracy and the implementation of the Internet are able to play an active role in societal change.
Right to Internet access The E-democratic process is hindered by the digital divide between active participants and those who do not participate in electronic communities.
Advocates of E-democracy may advocate government moves to close this gap.Concept of Teledemocracy and How It Is Being Utilized by People in Power ( words, 3 pages) Teledemocracy " Rather than acting as a revolutionary tool rearranging political power and instigating direct democracy, the Internet is destined to become dominated by the same actors in American politics who currently utilize other mediums.".
Which concept is used to designate the process by which people creatively shape reality as they interact? Social construction of reality Flirting is a playful way of seeing if someone is interested in you without risking outright rejection. E-democracy (a combination of the words electronic and democracy), also known as digital democracy or Internet democracy, incorporates 21st-century information and .
TELEDEMOCRACY. THE TECHNOPOLITICS OF TELECOMMUNITARY DEMOCRACY BY PARIS ARNOPOULOS An important reason for the malaise of modern times, pointed out in the previous part, is the impotence people feel as they are overshadowed by big and powerful institutions.
In modern societies, many people want to shift from being "the governed" into "self government." They want to become actors in society instead of being mere subordinates.
They want to have more power and control to conduct their own life as they want. T/F Scholars taking a radical-critical approach to power believe that there are inherent contradictions between the "surface structure" of power and the "deep structure" of power.
True T/F Feminist scholars argue that the matriarchal nature of most organizations leads to the marginalization of women.