Networks and outgroup communication competence Intracultural versus intercultural networks Acculturation and adjustment[ edit ] Communication acculturation This theory attempts to portray "cross-cultural adaptation as a collaborative effort in which a stranger and the receiving environment are engaged in a joint effort.
Strangers need to manage their uncertainty as well as their anxiety in order to be able to communicate effectively with hosts and then to try to develop accurate predictions and explanations for hosts' behaviors.
Assimilationdevianceand alienation states Assimilation and adaption are not permanent outcomes of the adaption process; rather, they are temporary outcomes of the communication process between hosts and immigrants.
Assimilation can be either forced or done voluntarily depending on situations and conditions.
Regardless of the situation or the condition it is very rare to see a minority group replace and or even forget their previous cultural practices. Hajda, a representative theorist and researcher of social alienation says: A common past reduces misunderstanding. Definition, metaphor, feedforward, and Basic English are partial linguistic remedies for a lack of shared experience.
Because of concerns for self-face and autonomy, people from individualistic, low-context cultures manage conflict by dominating or through problem solving"  Standpoint theory — An individual's experiences, knowledge, and communication behaviors are shaped in large part by the social groups to which they belong.
Individuals sometimes view things similarly, but other times have very different views in which they see the world. The ways in which they view the world are shaped by the experiences they have and through the social group they identify themselves to be a part of.
Strangers are a 'hyperaware' of cultural differences and tend to overestimate the effect of cultural identity on the behavior of people in an alien society, while blurring individual distinctions.
Feminist genre theory — Evaluates communication by identifying feminist speakers and reframing their speaking qualities as models for women's liberation.
Genderlect theory — "Male-female conversation is cross-cultural communication. Masculine and feminine styles of discourse are best viewed as two distinct cultural dialects rather than as inferior or superior ways of speaking.
Men's report talk focuses on status and independence. Women's support talk seeks human connection. Marxism — aims to explain class struggle and the basis of social relations through economics. History of assimilation[ edit ] Forced assimilation was very common in the European colonial empires the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries.
Colonial policies regarding religion conversion, the removal of children, the division of community property, and the shifting of gender roles primarily impacted North and South America, Australia, Africa, and Asia. Voluntary assimilation has also been a part of history dating back to the Spanish Inquisition of the late 14th and 15th centuries, when many Muslims and Jews voluntarily converted to Roman Catholicism as a response to religious prosecution while secretly continuing their original practices.
Another example is when the Europeans moved to the United States. Intercultural communication thus needs to bridge the dichotomy between appropriateness and effectiveness: Valued rules, norms, and expectations of the relationship are not violated significantly.
Valued goals or rewards relative to costs and alternatives are accomplished. Competent communication is an interaction that is seen as effective in achieving certain rewarding objectives in a way that is also related to the context in which the situation occurs.
As well as goal attainment is also a focus within intercultural competence and it involves the communicator to convey a sense of communication appropriateness and effectiveness in diverse cultural contexts. The capacity to avoid ethnocentrism is the foundation of intercultural communication competence.
Ethnocentrism is the inclination to view one's own group as natural and correct, and all others as aberrant. People must be aware that to engage and fix intercultural communication there is no easy solution and there is not only one way to do so.
Listed below are some of the components of intercultural competence. A judgment that a person is competent is made in both a relational and situational context. This means that competence is not defined as a single attribute, meaning someone could be very strong in one section and only moderately good in another.
Situationally speaking competence can be defined differently for different cultures.
For example, eye contact shows competence in western cultures whereas, Asian cultures find too much eye contact disrespectful.
This means that one's behaviours are acceptable and proper for the expectations of any given culture. The behaviours that lead to the desired outcome being achieved.Intragroup communication: communication within a group.
Looking glass-theory: the idea that we base views of ourself on how we think others are perceiving us and judging us. Mirror self: the tendency for us to see ourselves through a reflection of how others see us.
Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov • Vol. 2 (51) - Series IV: Philology and Cultural Studies THE ROLE OF IDENTITY IN INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION Ildikó HORTOBÁGYI1 Abstract: In a highly mediatized world, where the new media have the great potential to change existing cultural languages, one might assume that.
Communicating Ethnic and Cultural Identity [Mary Fong, Rueyling Chuang] on benjaminpohle.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This intercultural communication text reader brings together the many dimensions of ethnic and cultural identity and shows how they are communicated in everyday life.
Within the discipline of communication, the concept of “cultural identities” has captivated, fascinated, and received sustained attention from scholars of communication and culture over time.
Like the concept of “culture,” which is varied, complex, and at times contested, the study of cultural identity has been approached from diverse lenses, whether theoretically, methodologically, or. Sample Cultural Identifiers Below is a list of some sample cultural identifiers to consider as you implement your equity and justice, multicultural, and diversity initiatives.
Some independent school leaders may recall a time when NAIS referred to a list of the "Big 8" or "Core Identifiers.".
Properties of Cultural Identity. According to Jane Collier and Milt Thomas, ethnography of communication and social construction define properties of cultural identity and how a member of a cultural group expresses their identity.