The symbolic first meeting of American and Soviet soldiers occurred at Torgau, Ger. Their handshakes and toasts in beer and vodka celebrated their common victory over Nazi Germany and marked the collapse of old Europe altogether; but their… Origins of the Cold War Following the surrender of Nazi Germany in May near the close of World War IIthe uneasy wartime alliance between the United States and Great Britain on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other began to unravel. By the Soviets had installed left-wing governments in the countries of eastern Europe that had been liberated by the Red Army. The Americans and the British feared the permanent Soviet domination of eastern Europe and the threat of Soviet-influenced communist parties coming to power in the democracies of western Europe.
Background By the late s, the relationship between the two superpowers was relatively calm. The two leaders, Premier Khrushchev and President Eisenhower, pursued a quiet policy of co-existence even though they remained ideologically opposed.
However, their domestic political situations demanded that they be seen to defend their country against the other in the Cold War. The American military constructed the idea of a missile gap between the US and the USSRclaiming that the Soviets were ahead in the arms race and that the President should spend more money on weapons.
They also wanted to spy on the Soviets to discover evidence of this missile building. Eisenhower agreed to the spy missions because he believed it would show that the missile gap did not exist. There was a summit meeting between Eisenhower and Khrushchev in the US inand the two leaders agreed to meet again in Paris the following year.
What was on the agenda for the Paris Summit of May ? Nuclear weapons and the need for a Test Ban Treaty: The Soviets were exasperated that East Berliners were escaping to the West in significant numbers.
The Americans were concerned that the recent revolution in Cuba had created a communist government on their doorstep. The USA claimed that the U2 was a weather monitoring plane that had lost its way.
However, the film that the Soviets retrieved from the plane clearly indicated that Powers had been on a spying mission. When President Eisenhower arrived in Paris for the summit meeting, Khrushchev demanded he apologise for the mission, and when Eisenhower refused Khrushchev walked out.
Consequences The Paris Summit ended in failure: There was no agreement on a Test Ban Treaty. They no longer held the moral high ground in the Cold War. No deal was reached over the future of Berlin or Cuba and both would remain major sources of tension for the remainder of the Cold War.The Cold War began as World War II ended and continued unti the fall of the Berlin Wall in and the collapse of the USSR, around - The Cold War .
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union with its satellite states (the Eastern Bloc), and the United States with its allies (the Western Bloc) after World War II.
Note: Links to external sites will open in new browser windows and are not endorsed by The Cold War Museum. Learn about and revise the Cold War between and with this BBC Bitesize GCSE History (AQA) study guide.
The Peace Corps was a good idea during the time of the Cold War because so many countries were in the middle of fighting with other countries or even fighting with . Cold War in the s. John Kennedy followed Eisenhower as president in During his early days in office, Cuban exiles invaded Cuba.
They wanted to oust the communist government of Fidel Castro.